[photo of John] AnalogScience Fiction & Fact Magazine
"The Alternate View" columns
of John G. Cramer
Chronological Index
"The Alternate View" columns of John G. Cramer are short (~2,000 word) essays about cutting-edge science. They are aimed at readers (and writers) of "hard" science fiction, as exemplified by the SF stories of Analog, but are about real science, usually physics or astronomy. These columns are published bimonthly in Analog Science Fiction & Fact Magazine.
This index is current to the December 2008 issue of Analog
© John G. Cramer, 1984-2011; All rights reserved.
No part of these columns may be reproduced in any form
without prior explicit permission of the author.

 


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[Each underlined column title is a link to that column; click on the title to go there.]

 

2011 Columns
The Alternate View
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Subject of Column Analog
Issue
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Leinster's Golden Age "Logic" In John W. Campbell's 1946 Astounding, the SF writer Murray Leinster (Will F. Jenkins) published a short story, "A Logic Named Joe", that was remarkably accurate in predicting the characteristics of the modern Internet. 03/11 AltVw156
"Goldilocks" Gleise 581 g: a Fairytale? Is the "just right" Earth-like planet supposedly orbiting the star Gleise 581 real, or is it an artifact of problematic data analysis? 05/11 AltVw157
The Deficiency of Black Holes at the LHC With a year of operation of CERN's LHC at half its design energy, the CMS Collaboration has reported that the mini-black-holes predicted by some "extra-dimension" gravity theories have not been detected. 07-8/11 AltVw158
A "New Physics" Bump at Fermilab? As the Tevatron Collider at Fermiiab is in its last few months of operation, the CDF Collabration has reported a 3.2 standard deviation "bump" in proton-antiproton collisions invollving Z-mason production that appears to be inconsistent wuth the Standard Model of particle physics and may signal "new physics". 10/11 AltVw159
Cell Phone Radiation, Cancer, and The WHO The World Health Organization (WHO) has proclaimed that using cell phones is "possibly carcinogenic to humans,"  despite the fact that there is no plausible physical process by which photons from cell phone microwaves could produce mutations in DNA. 12/11 AltVw160
2010 Columns
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The Nice Way to Make a Solar System The Nice Model suggests that the early history of the Solar System may have been very violent, with giant planets exchanging orbits and outer-system debris raining on the inner planets. 03/10 AltVw151
The Icy Reservoirs of the Solar System A new picture is emerging of the quantities of ice and other volatiles in the outer solar system, which may be relevant to terraforming Mars and the moons of Jupiter and Saturn. 05/10 AltVw152
Bubbles of Broken Symmetry Results from the STAR Collaboration at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider provide evidence for a new kind of breaking of mirror-image symmetry (parity) in strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma systems. 07-8/10 AltVw153
Pulsar Timing and Gravity Wave Detection A new technique that offers to detect gravity waves from the variations they induce in the arrival time of radio pulses from distant pulsars. 10/10 AltVw154
What is a "Typical" Solar System? Numerical studies of planet formation indicate that planetary systems may be very different when they form around stars lacking sufficient proto-planetary material to form dominant Jupiter-size planets. 12/10 AltVw155
2009 Columns
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Humans and Estimating Probability The human brain has amazing capabilities for rational thought, pattern recognition, judgment, creativity, and imagination. However, it lacks the ability to accurately assess probabilities and act on these assessments.  Why? 03/09 AltVw146
Radioactive Decay and the Earth-Sun Distance Data from radioactive decays collected over several years suggests a correlation with the Earth's varying distance from the Sun during its annual orbit. 05/09 AltVw147
Two New Kinds of Wormholes Cylindrical wormholes and cosmological wormholes connecting separated universes may be easier to produce naturally and in the laboratory. 07-8/09 AltVw148
Connecting Gravity with Electricity Prof. Raymond Chiao's scheme for producing and detecting high frequency gravity waves in the laboratory by creating a quantum connection between the gravitational and electromagnetic forces using charged droplets. 10/09 AltVw149
Opus 150: Dark Forces in the Universe New results from potential dark matter detectors present a puzzling pattern of data that is not consistent with expectations.  A new theory postulating a 5th force that acts only between dark matter particles could explain what's going on. 12/09 AltVw150
2008 Columns
The Alternate View
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There's a Hole in Bottom of the Universe! Cosmic microwave background data from WMAP shows a "hole" in the emission pattern, suggesting an anomalous cold region in the early universe. 03/08 AltVw141
The Falling Dominoes: The Source of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays An analysis of AUGER project data indicates that the source of the most energetic cosmic rays is active galactic nuclei.  Thus was one of my top 10 unsolved physics puzzles in 2000. 05/08 AltVw142
All About Teleportation The religious tradition, science fiction, and physics of teleportation. 07-8/08 AltVw143
Tracking Adolf An account of using y-DNA analysis to obtain information about my great grandfather, Adolf Cramer. 10/08 AltVw144
Noise as a Quantum Signal Noise in the GEO600 gravity wave detector may be providing evidence that space-time is holographic, with the three space dimensions mapped onto some two-dimensional surface. 12/08 AltVw145
2007 Columns
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Extrasolar Planets and Occult Astronomy A new star-shade system may enable the Hubble Space Telescope and its successors to discover earth-like extra-solar planets and even detect the presence of life on them. 03/07 AltVw136
The Universe as a Watermelon An analysis of WMAP data indicates that the initial Big Bang may not have been spherical, but instead was slightly elongated along one axis, giving the early universe a "watermelon" shape. 05/07 AltVw137
Cooling off Global Warming from Space Prof. Roger Angel proposes to place solar reflectors at the L1 Lagrange point to control the the Earth's input of racitative energy from the Sun. 07-8/07 AltVw138
Real Nuclear Fusion on a Tabletop A UCLA group has used a heated ferroelectric crystal to produce d+d fusion of a tabletop, producing energy and lots of neutrons. 10/07 AltVw139
The Experimental Evidence against Objective Reality The results of recent EPR-type tests with elliptically polarized photons of the Leggett Relations of quantum mechanics have been used to argue against the existence of objective reality. 12/07 AltVw140
2006 Columns
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The Universe of Choice

String theory now seems to be predicting a vast "landscape" of possible universes with differing cosmological constants and physical laws.  Which one is ours and why? 03/06 AltVw131
Hawking’s Retreat Stephen Hawking's retreat from his view that information is destroyed in the formation of a black hole. 05/06 AltVw132
Planets of Binary Star Systems It has been widely believed that binary star systems may not have planets.  New calculations indicate that planet formation is, if anything, more probable in binary star systems. 07-8/06 AltVw133
Back in Time Through Other Dimensions A new variation of string theory in non-compartified dimensions provides a mechanism for creating timelike loops and suggests that such loops may exist in nature. 10/06 AltVw134
EPR Communication: Signals from the Future? An Innsbruck PhD thesis suggests a way in which one might use quantum nonlocality for communication, which would make possible superluminal and retro-causal signaling. 12/06 AltVw135
2005 Columns
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The Big Rip at the End of Time Some new cosmological models suggest that the universe will expand at an ever increasing rate until ti tears itself apart, producing a "Big Rip" that tears apart stars, planets, atom, and particles, until nothing is left in a dark empty lonely universe. 03/05 AltVw126
Outlawing” Wormholes and Warp Drives Which solutions of general relativity (e.g., wormholes and warp drives) can be dismissed as violating physical principles and which should be taken seriously.  A new quantum approach suggests a way of answering this question. 05/05 AltVw127
Solving the RHIC Puzzle Interferometry data from Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) appears to be in conflict with other results from the collisions.  A new approach explains why. 07-8/05 AltVw128

Dark-Energy Stars vs. Black Holes

Do black holes exist?  A new theory suggests that they do not, and suggests instead that collapsing supernovas create "dark energy stars". 10/05 AltVw129
The Ball Lightning Puzzle What is ball lightning?  A New theory provides some answers. 12/05 AltVw130
2004 Columns
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Introducing the Pentaquark Evidence from several experiments suggests that "pentaqurks", baryons consisting of four quarks and one anti-quark, may form some of the particles observed in high energy experiments. (Note: later work suggests that pentaquarks may not exist.) 03/04 AltVw121
The Sound of the Big Bang - Reloaded WMAP data is used to synthesize the "sound of the Big Bang" in the early universe, producing a sound file that can be played on an mp3 player. 05/04 AltVw122
Neutrino Results from SNO, KamLAND, and WMAP New neutrino results indicate that neutrinos have mass, show neutrino oscillations, and set limits on how large the neutrino mass can be. 07-8/04 AltVw123

Left-Handed Materials:  Super-Resolution Optics

New constructed optical materials with a negative index of refraction have remarkable optical properties. 10/04 AltVw124
A Farewell to Copenhagen? The Afshar Experiment brings Bohr's Principle of Complementarity into question by showing that in a quantum two-slit measurement, interference fringes are present even when the slit through which a photon passes is determined. 12/04 AltVw125
2003 Columns
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The New Recycling Universe A new alternative to Big Bang cosmology in which the universe recycles between claps of  extradimensional "branes". 01/03 AltVw115
A Stroll Through the Lyman Alpha Forest The forest of absorption Lyman-a spectral lines seen in the light from quasars maps the hydrogen "lanes" of the universe and testifies that quasars are very distant objects. 03/03 AltVw116
The CERN LHC: A Black Hole Factory? Theoretical predictions that the newest high energy accelerator, currently under construction at the CERN Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland, may  be a copious source of small and fast-evaporating black holes. 05/03 AltVw117
Watch the Skies:  The LSST Project Plans for a new telescope that watches the skies for fast-changing astronomical phenomena. 07-8/03 AltVw118
The Universe as seen by WMAP A new study of the small-angle structure of the cosmic microwave background nails down the parameters of the universe. 10/03 AltVw119
A Mission to the Earth's Core A new "modest proposal" to send an instrument package to the core of the Earth by melting through the crust with molten iron.. 12/03 AltVw120
2002 Columns
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The Next Big Accelerator The "next linear collider" is being proposed by US, German, and Japanese groups as the next step in particle physics. 02/02 AltVw110
Brane Bashing: An Alternative to the Big Bang? Was the universe created by extradimensional "branes" clapping together, with no Big Bang? 04/02 AltVw111
Quantum Computing, 5 Qubits and Counting Quantum computing has made a step forward, with a 5 qubit computer that factors 15 into primes.  What's next? 06/02 AltVw112
Physics Goes Underground Plans for a new low-background physics laboratory 1.5 miles below the surface of the Earth. 09/02 AltVw113
Quark Stars Discovery of ultra-dense stars that are thought to be made of quark matter. 11/02 AltVw114
2001 Columns
The Alternate View
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BOOMERanG and the Sound of the Big Bang Measurements of small angle fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background pin down the Big Bang 01/01 AltVw104
Faster-than-Light Laser Pulses? Superluminal laser pulses with negative velocities that get there before they start. 03/01 AltVw105
Decoding the Ribosome Nature's nanotechnology "assembler", the ribosome, has been decoded and its structure revealed. 05/01 AltVw106
2001, Then and Now How and why the year 2001 as depicted in the Stanley Kubrick film differs from the the reality of the year 2001? 07/01 AltVw107
Supernova in a Bose-Einstein Bottle Repulsion is changed to attraction in a Bose-Einstein condensate, with amazing and mysterious results. 10/01 AltVw108
Carbon Nanotubes, A Miracle Material Carbon nanotubes can be conductors or semiconductors, super-strong materials, and could make possible a "skyhook". 12/01 AltVw109
2000 Columns
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The Micro-Warp Drive An improvement on the Alcubierre Drive that makes the warp-bubble large on the inside and microscopic on the outside 02/00 AltVw99
General Relativity without 
Black Holes
The Yilmaz variant of General Relativity, which predicts that black holes do not exist. 04/00 AltVw100
"Interaction-Free" Quantum 
Measurements and Imaging
Quantum measurents that can "see in the dark", producing an image of an object without the interaction of a single photon. 06/00 AltVw101
The "Rare Earth" Hypothesis A new book by an astronomer and a geophysicist argues that complex life must be very rare in our galaxy and our universe.  We may be alone. 09/00 AltVw102
New Improved Wormholes Making wormholes without negative mass 11/00 AltVw103
1999 Columns
The Alternate View
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Massive Neutrinos The Japanese Super-Kamiokande detector discovers that mu-neutrinos have mass. 01/99 AltVw93
Before the Big Bang Pre-Big-Bang cosmology from superstring theory 03/99 AltVw94
Our Runaway Universe and Einstein's Cosmological Constant The discovery that the universe is accelerating in its expansion and that the vacuum has energy 05/99 AltVw95
What We Don't Understand The major unsolved problems of contemporary physics. 07-08/99 AltVw96
A Century of Physics Highlights of the Centennial Meeting of the American Physical Society 10/99 AltVw97
Our Millimeter-Size Universe Superstring theory suggests that gravity is weak because its extra-dimensional loops are a millimeter in diameter. 12/99 AltVw98
1998 Columns
The Alternate View
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Planet of the Geezers  Telomeres and human aging 02/98 AltVw88
Gravity Waves and LIGO The NSF's new gravity wave detector 04/98 AltVw89
The Quantum Eraser Erasing quantum interference retroactively 06/98 AltVw90
Using DNA to Search for WIMPs Breaking DNA strands to detect weakly interacting particles 09/98 AltVw91
The Music of the (Neutron) Spheres Audio-modulated X-rays and neutron star masses 11/98 AltVw92
1997 Columns
The Alternate View
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Space Drives, Phased Arrays, and Interferometry  Amplitude and intensity interferometry 01/97 AltVw82
Antigravity Sightings  Woodward's Mach's Principle space drive 03/97 AltVw83
The Decline and Fall of the SSC  The killing of the Superconducting Super Collider Project 05/97 AltVw84
The Atom Laser A laser that emits coherent atoms instead of coherent light 07/97 AltVw85
The Krasnikov Tube: A Subway to the Stars A solution to Einstein's equations in the form of a time-shortcut tube 09/97 AltVw86
Breaking the Standard Model Evidence from DESY for a new particle: the leptoquark 11/97 AltVw87
1996 Columns
The Alternate View
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Ultra-Energetic Cosmic Rays and Gamma Ray Bursts Correlation between cosmic rays and gamma bursts? 01/96 AltVw76
Bose-Einstein Condensation: A New Form of Matter Thousands of atoms in the same quantum state 03/96 AltVw77
The "Real World" and The Standard Model Effect on the universe of force strengths and quark masses 05/96 AltVw78
Burn Up the Nuclear Waste Particle accelerators for radioactive waste "burnup" 07/96 AltVw79
Inside the Quark Preons and quark sub-structure 09/96 AltVw80
The Alcubierre Warp Drive A warp-drive solution to Einstein's equations 11/96 AltVw81
1995 Columns
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NASA Goes FTL - Part 2: Cracks in Nature's FTL Armor JPL Relativity/Quantum Physics Workshop report 2 02/95 AltVw70
GRS1915+105: The Fastest Fireball in the Galaxy A quasar-like object in our galaxy 04/95 AltVw71
CERN in Transition The new 33 TeV lead beams at the CERN SPS 06/95 AltVw72
"Texas" in Munich, Part 1: The Constants of the Universe Closing in on the universe's parameters 08/95 AltVw73
"Texas" in Munich, Part 2: Gamma Ray Bursts The gamma ray burst puzzle 10/95 AltVw74
Tunneling through the Lightspeed Barrier Quantum tunneling and FTL barrier transit time effects 12/95 AltVw75
1994 Columns
The Alternate View
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The Force of the Tide Gravitational tidal forces 01/94 AltVw63
The Bandwidth Revolution: Internet and WorldWideWeb The coming of the Web 03/94 AltVw64
Searching for MACHOs massive compact halo objects  The gravitational lensing of brown dwarfs 05/94 AltVw65
News from CyberSpace: Virtual Reality and HyperText Report on VR and HT Conferences 07/94 AltVw66
Beauty and the B-Factory B mesons and matter  Proposed accelerator to make B-mesons 09/94 AltVw67
Stretch Marks on the Universe Quantized Redshift Puzzle of clustered galactic red-shifts 11/94 AltVw68
NASA Goes FTL - Part 1: Wormhole Physics JPL Relativity/Quantum Physics Workshop report 1 13/94 AltVw69
1993 Columns
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Neutrinos, Ripples, and Time Loops Tachyonic neutrinos, cosmic string effects 02/93 AltVw57
Science and SF in Japan Report on a trip to Japan 04/93 AltVw58
DUMAND: Neutrinos from Beneath the Ocean Large underwater neutrino detector 06/93 AltVw59
Science Policy: The Parable of the King and the Grain The politics of scientific decisions 08/93 AltVw60
The Tachyon Drive: Vex=infinity and Eex= 0. Using tachyons as rocket reaction mass  10/93 AltVw61
The Quantum Physics of Teleportation Transmitting and recreating a complete quantum state 12/93 AltVw62
1992 Columns
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Killer Asteroids and You Earth-orbit-crossing asteroids 01/92 AltVw50
Harnessing the Butterfly - The Steering of Chaos Using chaos for control 03/92 AltVw51
CERN and the LHC The Large Hadronic Collider project 05/92 AltVw52
Natural Wormholes: Squeezing the Vacuum Negative mass from squeezed vacuum 07/92 AltVw53
Neutrino Physics: Curiouser and Curiouser SAGE neutrino detector results 09/92 AltVw54
Centrifugal Forces and Black Holes Light-like orbits near a black hole 11/92 AltVw55
Nuke Your Way to the Stars Continuously detonating nuclear rocket 13/92 AltVw56
1991 Columns
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Mega-Projects & -Problems; The Hubble in Trouble NASA'a problems with the HST 02/91 AltVw44
Quantum Time Travel Time tricks with quantum mechanics 04/91 AltVw45
RHIC: Big Bangs in the Lab Heavy-ion collider project at Brookhaven 06/91 AltVw46
Cosmic Voids and Great Walls The large-scale structure of the universe 08/91 AltVw47
Quantum Telephones to Other Universes, to Times Past Non-linear quantum mechanics and communication 10/91 AltVw48
Heavy Neutrinos: Who Ordered That? Reports of a 17 kilovolt neutrino 12/91 AltVw49
1990 Columns
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Einsteins' Spooks & Bell's Theorem The EPR paradox & nonlocality 01/90 AltVw37
The Twin Paradox Revisited Special relativity and time dilation 03/90 AltVw38
Wormholes II: Getting There in No Time Wormholes as starships 05/90 AltVw39
Telepresence: Reach Out and Grab Someone Robotics and telepresence 07/90 AltVw40
The Rise and Fall of Gyro-Gravity Spin-modification of gravity? 09/90 AltVw41
A Visit to Virtual Seattle Virtual reality  11/90 AltVw42
FTL Photons The Casimir Effect and the speed of light 13/90 AltVw43
1989 Columns
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Supernova Duds and Toothpaste Neutrinos and fluorine nucleosynthesis 02/89 AltVw31
Falling through to Pelucidar Shadow matter and gravitation 04/89 AltVw32
Wormholes and Time Machines General relativity and FTL travel 06/89 AltVw33
The Mouse that Boomed Fast object seen with radio-astronomy 08/89 AltVw34
Report on NanoCon 1 NanoCon I - The 1st Nanotechnology Conference 10/89 AltVw35
Cold Fusion, Pro-fusion, and Con-fusion Pons & Fleischman and cold fusion? 12/89 AltVw36
1988 Columns
The Alternate View
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Spiral Galaxies and Antigravity Beams Gravity waves from cosmic strings 01/88 AltVw24
The Coming of the SSC The Superconducting Supercollider Project 03/88 AltVw25
Watching The Quantum Jump Exciting single atoms in a trap 05/88 AltVw26
Dinosaur Breath Cretaceous air trapped in amber 07/88 AltVw27
Paradoxes and FTL Communication The Calcutta QM Paradox  09/88 AltVw28
The Rainbows of Gravity Einstein's ring and gravitational lensing 11/88 AltVw29
Dyson on Space Freeman Dyson's views on the space program  13/88 AltVw30
1987 Columns
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Artificial Gravity: Which way is Up? Centrifugal gravity on space stations 02/87 AltVw18
Strings and Things Cosmic strings 04/87 AltVw19
Recent Results Review of past AV columns 06/87 AltVw20
Laser Propulsion and the Four P's Laser-sustained propulsion 08/87 AltVw21
Warm Superconductors Ceramic BaYCuO superconductors 10/87 AltVw22
SN1987A - Supernova Astrophysics Grows Up Supernovae, neutrinos, and gravitational collapse 12/87 AltVw23
1986 Columns
The Alternate View
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The Pump of Evolution The Fermi Paradox and catastrophes 01/86 AltVw11
Children of the Swan Cygnus X-3 cosmic ray particles 03/86 AltVw12
Neutrinos and WIMPs The Solar Neutrino Problem 05/86 AltVw13
Antigravity I: Negative Mass The gravitation of negative mass 07/86 AltVw14
Antigravity II: A Fifth Force? Hypercharge and hyperforce 09/86 AltVw15
The Quantum Handshake The Transactional Interpretation of QM 11/86 AltVw16
Super Atoms and Super Fields Positrons from Z>173 atoms 13/86 AltVw17
1985 Columns
The Alternate View
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The Dark Side of the Force of Gravity The Dark Matter Problem 02/85 AltVw05
The Other 40 Dimensions Klein-Kaluza compactification 04/85 AltVw06
Light in Reverse Gear I Optical reversal with a 4-Wave mixer  06/85 AltVw07
Light in Reverse Gear II Advanced radiation 08/85 AltVw08
In The Fullness of Time The universe in the far future 10/85 AltVw09
Antimatter in a Trap Penning ion trapping 12/85 AltVw10
1984 Columns
The Alternate View
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The Alternate Who???? 1st column - Introduction of the author 07/84 AltVw00
When Proton Meets Monopole Monopole catalysis and proton decay 07/84 AltVw01
Other Universes I GUTs cosmology  09/84 AltVw02
Other Universes II Everett-Wheeler interpretation of QM 11/84 AltVw03
The Retarding of Science AARSE - American Association for the Retardation of Science and Engineering (satire) 13/84 AltVw04
Other Articles in Analog (1979-1983)
The Alternate View
Column Title
Subject of Column Analog
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Antimatter in the Universe The possibility of antimatter galaxies 08/79 Analog-1
The Territoriality of Space Exploration Guest Editorial: Should the USA have claimed the Moon as territory? 11/81 Analog-2
New Phenomena Magnetic monopoles, "anomalons", free quarks? 02/83 Analog-3
Again Monopoles Magnetic monopole detection at Stanford (?) 09/83 Analog-4

Note 1: Month "13" in the issue list above indicates the Mid-December issue of Analog.
Note 2: The "Alternate" of the column title refers to the fact that they appear in alternate issues of Analog, originally alternating with columns by the late G. Harry Stine and more recently with columns by Jeffery D. Kooistra .
Note 3: Recent columns may not be provided with links because they have not yet appeared in Analog, which holds first serial rights for their publication. 
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