Welcome to the Precision Muon Physics Group at the University of Washington

 

Introduction

The Precision Muon Physics Group joined CENPA in 2010. We built the effort at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where Dave Hertzog was a faculty member since 1986 and Peter Kammel since 2000.  Our mission is to identify compelling, precision experiments that either determine fundamental quantities in physics or sensitively test the Standard Model.  Students and postdocs in our group take on leading roles in hardware design and development, all operational aspects of running a complex beam experiment, Monte Carlo simulation, data analysis, and presentation. As a rule, we work collectively on all experiments, but each group member has a specific main focus. 

Scientific Motivation

Defining the parameters of the (new) standard model (SM) is a high priority of both particle and nuclear physicists. Important advances come from efforts to produce high-mass particles at colliders and symbiotically from precision low-energy measurements. These techniques give a glimpse into the fundamental nature of the new SM. The recent result from the LHC indicating the presence of a boson with a mass of 125 GeV/c2 is very exciting and stimulates the next generation of study. Truly understanding the fundamental physics and establishing model parameters will require the data from a host of complementary “precision'” measurements. Among these are neutrino mixing-angle and mass measurements (other CENPA expertise!), and the search for neutrinoless double beta decay (again, CENPA experts). They include high-precision comparisons of SM predictions with measurement, such as the muon’s anomalous magnetic moment, or the running of the weak mixing angle. Technological and facility advances will allow great strides forward in high-sensitivity searches for the permanent electric dipole moments of the neutron, electron, and certain atoms (UW leading effort); in select rare kaon decays; and in charged lepton flavor violation tests for muons and taus. Collectively, these low-energy precision experiments are part of the New Standard Model Initiative as prioritized in the 2007 Long Range Plan. They are, in general, interdisciplinary efforts where nuclear physicists either lead or work in close partnership with high-energy and atomic physicists at a variety of facilities worldwide.

 

Group members

group
not pictured: Jason Crnkovic and Nathan Froemming


 

Faculty/Research Scientists

Dave Hertzog  (hertzog@uw.edu)
Peter Kammel (pkammel@uw.edu)
Alejandro Garcia (agarcia3@uw.edu)
Jarek Kaspar (kaspar@uw.edu)
Martin Fertl (mfertl@uw.edu)

 

Post Doctoral Research Associates

Kim Siang Khaw (khaw84@uw.edu)
Daniel Salvat (salvat@uw.edu)
 

Graduate Students  

Name Experiment
Nathan Froemming (nfroemm@uw.edu) muon g-2
Matthias Smith (mwsmith2@uw.edu) muon g-2
Aaron Fienberg (fienberg@uw.edu) muon g-2
Rachel Osofsky (osofskyr@uw.edu) muon g-2
Jason Hempstead (hempste2@uw.edu) muon g-2
Michael Murray (mhmurray@uw.edu) MuSun
Rachel Ryan (rachryan@uw.edu) MuSun
Ethan Muldoon (ethanm3@uw.edu) MuSun
 

Undergraduate Students  

 

Name Experiment
Tun Sheng Tan muon g-2
Gary Plunkett muon g-2
Ronaldo Ortez muon g-2

 

Former Graduate Students

Jason Crnkovic - 2013 - Measurement of the e+e- ->pi+pi-pi0 cross section by the radiative return method using Belle Data

Sara Knaack - 2012 - A Determination of the Formation Rate of Muonic Hydrogen Molecules in the MuCap Experiment

Brendan Kiburg - 2011 - A Measurement of the Rate of Muon Capture in an Ultra-Pure Protium Gas Time Projection Chamber

David Webber - 2010 - A Part-Per-Million Measurement of the Positive Muon Lifetime and a Determination of the Fermi Constant

Steven Clayton - 2007 - Measurement of the Rate of Muon Capture in Hydrogen Gas and Determination of the Proton's Pseudoscalar Coupling

Dan Chitwood - 2007 - A Measurement of the Mean Life of the Positive Muon to a Precision of 11 Parts per Million

Chris Polly - 2005 - A Measurement of the Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Negative Muon to 0.7 PPM

Fred Gray - 2003 - A Measurement of the Anomalous Magentic Moment of the Positive Muon with a Precision of 0.7 Parts Per Million

Brian Bunker - 1998 - A Scan of the Cross Section σ(p ̅p⟶ΛΣ^0+c.c.) from Threshold to 2.5 MeV Excess Energy

Johannes Ritter - 1998 - A Measurement of the Reactions pp -> ee, pp -> pi0e and pp -> pi0pi0 from 1.188 GeV/c to 1.445 GeV/c

Paul Reimer - 1996 - A Measurement of the pp -> KsKs Reaction from 0.609 to 1.9 GeV/c

Timothy Jones - 1996 - A Measurement of pp -> LL Near Threshold

Rex Tayloe - 1995 - A Measurement of the pp -> LL and pp -> SL + c.c. Reactions at 1.726 GeV/c

 

Former Postdoctoral RAs

 
Frederik Wauters
Peter Alonzi 
Peter Winter
Brendan Kiburg
Serdar Kizilgul
Cenap Ozben
Francoise Mulhauser
Gerco Onderwater
Sergei Sedykh
Phil Harris

 

 

Experiments

Current Experiments

 

 NewG-2 Twiki   Fermilab, Batavia, IL
   
muon g-2

The muon anomalous magnetic moment, measured by our E821 Collaboration to a precision of 0.54 ppm, represents a stringent test of the Standard Model. Current (2010) comparison with theory indicates more that 3 standard deviation difference, arguably the strongest experimental hint of new physics. The implications are profound as the magnitude of the deviation locks squarely with predictions by many supersymmetric models and implies mass scales that are quite accessible at the Large Hadron Collider. Toward a more sensitive experiment, we helped propose a new experiment at Fermilab (Hertzog co-spokesperson), relocating much of the critical equipment there, and augmented by new detectors and electronics.  Our group helped design beamline strategies and we have built and tested prototype W/SciFi calorimeters with SiPM readout as part of ongoing R&D efforts.  The experiment was approved in January 2011 and received CD-0 in September 2012. Credit: Fermilab
 

MuSun TWiki Webpage PSI - Villigen, Switzerland
   

MuSun

MuSun (Kammel co-spokesperson) will measure muon capture on the deuteron, the simplest weak interaction process on a nucleus that can both be calculated and measured with high precision. Modern QCD-based theories relate capture to one of the most important nuclear reactions of the universe—weak pp capture—which is the main source of energy in the Sun. It is also related to the ν+d reactions detected by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory with significant participation of CENPA. To the required precision, these reactions depend on a single parameter, which characterizes poorly known aspects of the two-nucleon axial current. MuSun will be the first precision measurement of this constant in the 2N sector and will help to calibrate the basic astrophysics reactions. The technique is unique, as it relies on a cryogenic time-projection-chamber, with critical developments in our UW laboratories.

 

The Future ... Muon Campus at Fermilab

muon g-2

 

 Mu2E

Webpage AlCapWebpage AlCapTWiki Fermilab, Batavia, IL
mu2e

Muon-to-electron conversion in the field of a nucleus is ranked as one of the outstanding opportunities to search for physics beyond the SM at low energies. The search for charged-lepton-flavor-violating processes, and muon-to-electron conversion (Mu2e), is of topical interest in the context of the search for new degrees of freedom at the TeV scale at the LHC. Many new physics scenarios lead to flavor-violating mixings, where Mu2e is expected to be observable in the next generation of experiments. In case the new physics is significantly heavier than the TeV scale and LHC discovers only the SM Higgs boson, searches beyond the Standard Model might have to rely for some time on low-energy precision experiments, where new physics enters through virtual loops. Mu2e will provide one of the few windows into mass scales of several thousand TeV. The new Mu2e experiment at FNAL should improve present experimental limits on this reaction by four orders of magnitude, to a single-event sensitivity below 10-16. Our group's effort is focused on optimizing the target and we are leading test experiments at PSI to characterize the dominant Standard Model processes.

   

 

 

Recent completed efforts

MuLan     PSI - Villigen, Switzerland
MuLan The Muon Lifetime Analysis (MuLan) experiment (Hertzog co-spokesperson) recently completed a measurement of the positive muon lifetime to a precision of 1.0 ppm (part per million), the most precise particle lifetime ever measured. The muon lifetime provides the most precise determination of the Fermi coupling constant, which is one of the fundamental inputs to the Standard Model. Recent advances in theory have reduced the theoretical uncertainty on the Fermi coupling constant as calculated from the muon lifetime to a few tenths of a ppm. The remaining uncertainty on the Fermi constant is entirely experimental, and is dominated by the uncertainty on the muon lifetime. The MuLan experiment used an innovative pulsed beam, a symmetric detector, and modern data-taking methods to obtain more than 2x1012 events.  The result has been published in PRL: http://prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v106/i4/e041803.
       
MuCap TWiki Webpage PSI - Villigen, Switzerland
MuCap The µCap experiment (Kammel co-spokesperson) were a 1% precision measurement of the muon capture rate on the proton. From the capture rate the pseudoscalar form factor gP of the nucleon was extracted with 7% precision. This basic quantity is predicted theoretically with high precision, but the experimental situation was quite controversial. The experiments were based on a novel method utilizing a time-projection-chamber filled with ultrapure pressurized hydrogen gas. This technique eliminates many uncertainies plaguing earlier experiments. The result was an unambiguous value for gP and a sensitive test of the chiral symmetry of QCD at low energies. Check out the latest result on the arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.6545